Independent Republic since 1999
Legitimized by State of the European Union
The recognition of the sovereignty of a nation is ratified when it establishes some kind of formal diplomatic relationship with a previously recognized nation.
Proclamation of Independence.
Original document officially submitted to the State Administration on October 14, 1999.
Validated Certificate of the submission of the Declaration of Independence.
Resolution of the Ministry to the Proclamation of Independence document, certifying the legal validity and legitimizing its rights on January 25, 2000.
THE MONTEVIDEO CONVENTION
he Convention on the Rights and Duties of States is an international treaty signed in Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26, 1933.
The convention establishes the definition of a State, its rights and obligations.
Article 1 establishes four characteristic criteria of a State that have become part of customary international law.
They have been recognized as confirmation in International Law, establishing that a State as a person of International Law must meet the following requirements:
The State as a subject of International Law must meet the following requirements:
I. - Permanent population.
II. - Determined territory.
III. - Government.
IV. - Ability to enter into relations with other States.
Under these guidelines, any entity that meets these criteria can be considered as a sovereign state under international law, whether or not it has been recognized by other States.
The Republic of Errant Menda Lerenda meets and completes the 4 requirements of Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention on the definition of a State.
The recognition of a State merely means that the one who recognizes it accepts the personality of the other with all the rights and duties determined by International Law. The recognition is unconditional and irrevocable.
The recognition of the State may be express or tacit. The latter results from any act that implies the intention to recognize the new State.
THE VIENNA CONVENTION
he Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is an international treaty that regulates diplomatic relations between countries and the immunity of diplomatic personnel.
It was adopted on April 18, 1961 in Vienna (Austria) and entered into force on April 24, 1964. It was supplemented in 1963 by the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
174 States belong to the Convention and in the States that have not signed the document, its provisions are applied as customary International Law.
The Principality of Hutt River is a micronation located within Western Australia, which was founded on April 21, 1970. It was formerly known as the Province of Hutt River. The Principality claims to be an independent state but it is not de jure recognized by Australia officially, however this state has already 40 years of proclamation of independence and the Australian Government has not been able to legally find a way to suppress it.
Hutt River claimed its Independence by writing to its Administration. When the Australian Government responded to the Administrator of that State, its recognition was implicitly tacit and since then it has been considered as such.
Sealand, officially the Principality of Sealand, is a self-proclaimed unrecognized state, considered internationally as a micronation, whose form of government is the hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Despite the lack of recognition of its sovereignty and legitimacy, Sealand is one of the best known micronations in the world and is often used as a case study of the way in which the principles of international law can be applied to a territory in dispute.
Wirtland is the first experimental sovereign country based on the Internet, a micronation (a self-declared State but not recognized as an entity). Wirtland is an experiment in the legitimacy and self-sustainability of a country without its own land. A country that transcends national borders without violating or diminishing the sovereignty of any other nation.
International law (Montevideo Convention) leaves the door open for the formation of new states. To be eligible for international recognition Wirtland needs a territory.
Asgardia is a project of a Nation without territory on Earth based on a satellite from outer space. The proposal was announced on October 12, 2016 by the Aerospace Research Center based in Vienna, Austria. They have requested UN status of territory.
The International Organization has not responded at the moment.
CONSENSUS: Agreement result of a consent between all members of a group.
STATE: A set of the governing bodies of a sovereign country.
GOVERNMENT: Authority that directs, controls and administers State institutions.
NATION: Set of the inhabitants of a country governed by the same government. Territory of that country.
COUNTRY: Nation, region, province or territory.
HOMELAND: Home or adoptive land ordained as a nation, to which the human being feels connected by juridical, historical and affective bonds.
PEOPLE: Set of people from a place, region or country.
SOVEREIGN: Who exercises or possesses supreme and independent authority.
MICRONATION is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but lacks the recognition of world governments or international organizations.
MICROSTATE: A microstate is a sovereign state that has a very small population, a very small territory, or both.
de iure : It literally means 'of right', with legal recognition, legally. A de iure situation is one that is recognized by current legislation or by the competent authority.